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What are the factors that cause skin spots?


 What are the factors that cause skin spots?

Hyperpigmentation, skin blemishes is a stubborn skin problem, especially for acne-prone skin. The summer season can be a nightmare for those who have this problem. Medical Esthetician Dr. Sevgi Ekiyor gave information about the subject.

Hyperpigmentation is a general term used to characterize patches of skin that are darker than normal. It can be different colors including brown, black or gray and is typically caused by increased melanin production in the skin.

People have struggled for years to combat hyperpigmentation. Fading and healing of hyperpigmentation can take up to 1 year.

What causes hyperpigmentation, skin blemishes?

The skin on our face is a sensitive organ. Hormones, aging, nutrition, external factors are factors that affect our skin. In short, skin blemishes are not just about exposure to the sun.

skin condition

In some cases, hyperpigmentation can be a sign of a skin condition such as melasma that causes gray or brown patches on the face, neck, chest, and sometimes elsewhere. Hyperpigmentation can be a result of acne, eczema, and psoriasis. These skin conditions often cause scarring, which results in dark patches left behind on the skin.


The hormone that increases the sudden synthesis of melanin can also cause hyperpigmentation. Estrogen and progesterone can increase melanin production, and of course our genetics also play a large part. That's because there are hundreds of genes working behind the scenes that regulate our melanin production and distribution.

sun exposure

Prolonged sun exposure of the skin can cause hyperpigmentation. One of the simplest ways to protect your skin from discoloration is to apply sunscreen every day, whatever the weather.

One of the most common misconceptions about spot treatment is that spot treatment shouldn't be done in the summer. However, one of the main reasons for the formation of this thought is the wrong information that spot treatment can only be corrected with laser applications.

The use of laser for spot treatment in summer creates problems. However, stain treatment can be continued with other applications.

Stain is a very individual matter. Issues such as the depth of the stain and the cause of the stain actually determine the direction of the treatment. This process can be managed with personalized cocktails, peelings or creams during the summer months.